The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart

February 13, 2012 9:00 am
Posted in: Fat
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Cooking Oils Compared

You already know that Extra Virgin Olive Oil is good for you. But what do you choose when it’s time to branch out and try something new? There are a lot of cooking oils out there, and many have misleading health claims on the label. It can be a bit overwhelming when you walk down the oil aisle in the store.

Some oils are very healthful, others not so much — and for different reasons. How do you know what’s really important when choosing a cooking oil? And how do you keep track of them all?

Why, with The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart, of course!

I’ve teamed up with Andy Bellatti, MS, RD, to help answer these questions with this chart. (If you don’t already follow Andy, you’re missing out.)  We’ve created a one-page, printable PDF that you can take with you to the grocery story (or stick up on your fridge), that will help guide you through the labyrinth of oils.

We focused on two main factors, healthfulness and temperature-sensitivity, since some oils lose their health benefits when heated. Using a grid that makes it easy to see where each oil falls on the spectrum, you’ll be able to tell at a glance which oils to use for your salad, and which to use for your next stir-fry — and which oils to avoid altogether. We’ve also included some secondary details about each oil, along with some important pitfalls to watch out for.

Andy has written a post on his blog explaining the science behind our oil comparisons, so you’ll know why each oil is where it is on the chart.  So click on over to Andy’s post to get the nitty-gritty, and then come back here and get the PDF.

The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart
737kb PDF, Updated Feb 22, 2012

If you’d like to share this chart on your own website or blog, please be respectful (and law-abiding) and share it simply by linking directly to this post. Please do not link directly to the PDF or copy the entire chart to your own site.  You may use the image at the top of this post on your own page, if you like. Thanks!

PS – Huge thanks to Andy for jumping on board when I proposed this project to him. I had a ton of fun collaborating with him, and appreciate his enthusiasm and expertise!

You may also like my other printables:

A Guide to the My Plate Icon
How to Read the Nutrition Facts Panel (available on the Eating Rules Facebook Page)
The Healthy Breakfast Flowchart
The Smoothie Flowchart

193 Comments on "The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart"
  1. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 9:16 am

    Gosh, this is so great! I’m printing and sharing as we speak! I might start shoving copies of it between cans of Crisco at the supermarket… ;)

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 10:18 am
      Andrew says:

      Haha! YES, please do! ;)

  2. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 9:39 am

    Love that this chart highlights the issue of Omega-3 to Omega-6 ratio, as it’s not that well-known. I mostly use olive and high-oleic safflower oils, and avocado or macadamia nut when I have lots of extra cash (ha). My cardiologist says many of the studies about cocounut oil are funded by the coconut industry, so I’m still wary of its saturated fat content. But I get that for most healthy people, it’s a great oil. Wondering why organic, expeller-pressed canola isn’t higher on the healthy scale here. Thanks for another amazing chart, Andrew!

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 10:24 am
      Andrew says:

      Most canola oil, even Organic and expeller-pressed, has been refined. The heat in the refining process damages the Omega-3s.

      I did just find one Organic, Expeller-Pressed, Unrefined Canola Oil online — though they encourage cooking and sauteeing, which also will damage the Omega-3s.

      Also, expeller-pressing, while better than conventional extraction that uses hexane, can actually generate quite a bit of heat. Moreover, I’m pretty sure there isn’t a strict definition for “cold-pressed” — so the oils may actually get pretty hot in the process.

      I just emailed with Andy about your question, and he also pointed out that “This is where it often comes down to personal beliefs. I always recommend “real” oils (olive, coconut, hemp, flax, etc.) over ones that aren’t consumed in their natural state. You can’t buy rapeseeds, or even eat them (they’re toxic).”

  3. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 10:14 am
    Trey says:

    Great chart. One question. I see that palm and palm kernel oil is at the bottom of the chart, and thus generally to be avoided. But I’ve read conflicting information in recent weeks regarding these oils. In particular, the paleo crowd (e.g., Mark Sisson, the authors of the Perfect Health Diet) assert that palm oil (and perhaps palm kernel oil) is healthy. Would love to hear your response on this. Thank you!

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 10:33 am
      Andrew says:

      Hi Trey! Clarifying butter removes the milk solids and leaves the fats in place, so it shouldn’t have much of an impact of the fat composition. So we think that it would score in the same spots on the chart.

      With Palm Oil, environmental concerns aside, there isn’t much nutritional benefit with it that you can’t get elsewhere…and then you run into the refined/deodorized/bleached issues.

      • Comment left on:
        February 19, 2012 at 8:04 am
        Lisa Coker says:

        Great chart! I’m printing it out right now. I just have a few questions about the Red Palm Oil. Environmental impact aside, I wondered about the nutritional impact.

        Isn’t there a difference between hydrogenated/deodorized/bleached “Palm Oil” and the virgin, unrefined stuff that Tropical Traditions, Wilderness Family Naturals or Jungle Products carries?

        And when you say there isn’t much nutritional benefit, do you think the amounts of Vitamin E and COQ10 are insignificant?

        There’s a red border around Palm and Kernel Oil, but the only sources I can find say that palm oils are mostly saturated with very little PUFAs.

        Thanks so much for sharing this with us.

  4. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 10:17 am

    Thanks for doing this, Andrew! Clearly it took a lot of work, but I love how it is all boiled down into a very easy-to-read format. This one’s getting pinned up on the refrigerator!

  5. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 10:30 am

    Hi Andrew, One thing I maybe missed was the effect that high heat levels have on oils. That’s important because from what I understand, taking an oil over the smoke point completely changes it and suddenly something that was healthy is now totally unhealthy. Did I miss that somewhere? So for frying you would NOT want to use avocado oil. I have to admit I’m a little confused by the diagram. I get cooking oils are on the far right but I saw avocado oil over there.

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 10:57 am
      Andrew says:

      Hi Annette. We didn’t specifically address what happens after you pass the smoke point, but the oils are generally sorted from low to high as you move from left to right. Avocado Oil has one of the highest smoke points (actually I think it’s the highest) of any oil on the chart — 520 Fahrenheit — which is why it’s all the way over on the right.

      • Comment left on:
        February 13, 2012 at 10:59 am
        Andrew says:

        Oh, I should point out the “Not to scale” in the lower right — The positions of the oils are approximate, as this isn’t a numerical graph. Apricot Kernel Oil’s smoke point is about 495F, so it should actually be over to the left a bit more, but there wasn’t room because of the other oils. Pretty sure those 25 degrees aren’t going to make-or-break anything, though! ;)

  6. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 11:02 am
    Anne M says:

    Glad lard is getting recognized, but think it is important to point out that it is important to render your own pork fat or buy only organic, preservative- antibotic- and hormone-free lard.

  7. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 11:02 am
    Teresa says:

    This is amazing!!! Thank you! I will be sharing this on my facebook pages and my blog. You Rock!

  8. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 2:12 pm
    Cassidy Stockton says:

    Fascinating! I had no idea there were so many oils to choose from. Def printing this out for my kitchen and sharing with the Bob’s Red Mill followers.

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 2:55 pm
      Andrew says:

      Thanks Cassidy! :)

  9. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 2:47 pm
    Kim says:

    This is a step in the right direction, but it still perpetuates the myth that saturated fats are bad for you. There is a ton of scientific data out there refuting this. But if you want a short answer, think of this: what does your body choose as its form to store excess energy as? Hint: it’s most similar to LARD on the poster shown here! Do you think your body really chooses to store its energy in a form that would cause you heart disease if you were to burn it? That makes no sense whatsoever.

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 2:54 pm
      Andrew says:

      Hi Kim! One of the points that we tried to make clear on the chart, without going into too much detail, is that there are different types of saturated fats, and not all of them are “bad.” Lard actually scored better than most people would expect, though not for the reasons you mentioned, and coconut oil, which is high in saturated fat, is right up there at the top.

      I’d love to see the scientific data to which you refer. Would you share some links from reputable, peer-reviewed studies? (Just to be clear, I’m not being snarky; I’d be happy to read them.) Thanks!

      • Comment left on:
        February 13, 2012 at 3:39 pm

        Andrew I posted some below – but I wanted you to know that I don’t think you could be snarky if you tried. And that is why we all love you!

  10. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 2:47 pm
    L. Gilbert says:

    How come my margarine says no trans fat?

    • Comment left on:
      February 13, 2012 at 2:50 pm
      Andrew says:

      Depends on the margarine. If you see “hydrogenated” or “partially-hydrogenated” oils in the ingredients list, it definitely has trans fats. However, if it’s less than 0.5 grams per serving, they’re able to say “zero” per serving because they can round down.

      http://www.eatingrules.com/2010/05/trans-fat-loophole/

      • Comment left on:
        February 13, 2012 at 4:02 pm
        Greg says:

        Margarine “manufacturers” are notorious for decreasing the serving size to get to that magic 0.49999 grams/serving so they can round down to zero. Make sure you look at the serving size, you could be be plopping 10-12 servings on your baked potato. You are now ingesting 5-6 grams of trans fat from your “trans-fat free” margarine.

  11. .
    February 13, 2012 at 3:01 pm

    [...] The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart – Healthy Oils Compared — Eating Rules – Andy has written a post on his blog explaining the science behind our oil comparisons, so you’ll know why each oil is where it is on the chart. So click on over to Andy’s post to get the nitty-gritty, and then come back here and get the PDF. [...]

  12. Comment left on:
    February 13, 2012 at 3:37 pm

    I have found the chart on this post extremely valuable: http://www.gofrolic.org/gofrolic/food_blog/Entries/2008/12/28_Cooking_Oil_101.html
    Some praise for saturated fats and recommendation to cook with ghee and coconut oil rather than olive oil: http://www.pccnaturalmarkets.com/sc/0602/sc0602-saturatedfats.html

    And finally there is some amazing scientific evidence on this science blog: http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2009/05/coronary-heart-disease-epidemic_19.html supporting the consumption of animal fats. If you are an evidence based person (I tend to do what makes sense to me and not sweat the details), that blog is the best place to start that I can think of. There is a ton of information on the Weston Price site but it’s not based on sound scientific footing like Stephen’s blog is.

  13. Comment left on:
    February 14, 2012 at 7:52 am
    Vijay Patel says:

    This is a wonderful chart! Thank you, I will be sharing with my patients!

  14. .
    February 14, 2012 at 10:01 am

    [...] The Cooking Oil Comparison Chart [Eating Rules] foodkitchen  Discuss  Share  Tweet  Email  More get_count_post('http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2012/02/choose-the-right-cooking-oil-with-this-comparison-chart/','post-416623'); « Previous post [...]

  15. Comment left on:
    February 14, 2012 at 10:05 am

    Love the chart and the notes, but I can’t get it to print out for me. Is it because I’m on Firefox?

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