At first glance, the two-month-old Center looks merely like a beautiful new gym. But it is far more than that: It’s a visionary facility that will serve as a “wellness hub” for the community, doctors, researchers, clinicians, and business.
The lobby contains a prominent demonstration kitchen and a bistro serving up fresh, healthy fare — using veggies that were grown on their green roof (the “Better Bean” burger with a side of fennel slaw was terrific!). They have a “metabolic kitchen” that allows them to create consistent meals for test subjects in weight loss and health studies. There’s a demonstration grocery store, accurate down to the price tags and NuVal scores. And the locker rooms are fantastic (which makes me feel not quite so silly for referring to them as “dressing rooms”).
At the helm is Executive Director Dr. James O. Hill, PhD, who has quite an impressive resume. He’s published more than 350 scientific articles, and co-founded the National Weight Control Registry. Also, he’s nice, funny, enthusiastic, passionate, and generous with his time – he spent all weekend with us, as did many of the staff at the Center. (Dr. Hill and his team were kind enough to give us the “run” of the place, leading classes and workshops all weekend long. Everyone’s enthusiasm and helpfulness was phenomenal!)
I attended the conference as a brand ambassador for Attune Foods, one of the weekend’s sponsors (full disclosure: they paid my way). After serving up a whole-grain and gluten-free breakfast the first morning*, and then working the “trade show” floor for a few hours, my Attune duties were complete and I was lucky enough to get to stick around for the rest of the conference.
“Eat less, move more” is bad advice.
At Dr. Hill’s keynote speech, The Importance of an Evidence-Based Approach to Health and Wellness, one of his main points was that “Eat less, move more” is simply bad advice.
The problem with the “eat less” mantra is that eating less makes you hungry, and eventually your body’s biological urge will overtake your willpower (willpower has a finite capability).
Instead, the advice ought to be “move more, eat smarter.” What does he mean by that? The “move more” part entails more than just diligently going to the gym on a regular basis — it means being active throughout the day. That doesn’t mean you necessarily have to break a sweat, though. It can mean taking the stairs instead of the elevator, choosing a parking spot that’s further instead of closer, and so on. Ultimately, we need to change our culture and our environment so we automatically incorporate movement of some kind throughout the day, every day.
As for the “eat smarter” part, it means eating more nutrient-dense foods, and less energy-dense (high in calorie) foods. That means choosing filling and satisfying foods that are also good for you.
This resonates with me personally, since it’s the exact same method I used to lose thirty pounds a few years ago (though I didn’t put these particular words to it at the time). I still ate quite a lot of food (and six times a day!), so I certainly wasn’t eating less food — it was just that the foods I was choosing were lower in calories and higher in nutrients. (ie, brown rice & sautéed spinach vs. french fries & mayonnaise).
Diet is the driving force in weight loss…
There are two parts to the weight loss problem. First is losing the weight. Second is keeping it off.
Relatively speaking, the first part is easy. Losing weight is exciting, and seeing the pounds come off (or your clothes get looser), is highly motivating. The really hard part, as we all know, is keeping that weight from coming back six months, a year, or five years later.
Diet and exercise** are the two best ways to do all of this, of course (I’m not going to get into medications or surgery here — that would be a whole other post!). The most recent scientific evidence, according to Dr. Hill and Dr. Holly Wyatt, the associate director of the center, is that reducing calorie consumption is the most effective way to lose weight. It’s much easier to eat 500 fewer calories than it is to burn those 500 calories through activity. (That’s one Starbucks Zucchini Walnut Muffin vs. 40 minutes of running.)
This is not to say you should not be exercising — of course you should (and this is indeed one of the few times I’ll even use the word “should”). But the point is that when it comes to losing weight reduced calorie intake is the more important part of the equation.
…But physical activity is the driving force in weight loss maintenance.
So when it comes to keeping the weight off — the boring, un-sexy, really hard part for the long-term — physical activity is the key. Yes, you need to continue to “eat smarter,” but ultimately, if you don’t stay active, the weight is going to come back on.
As Dr. Hill said quite bluntly: “You don’t have to exercise to lose weight, as long as you only want to lose it temporarily.” His point is that you need exercise for both weight loss and maintenance — and without it, the maintenance just isn’t going to happen in the long run (pun intended, sorry).
But wait, there’s more!
In part 2 of my FHBC wrap-up, I’ll talk about the work of Dr. Iñigo San Millán, the head of the Center’s Performance Laboratory, which adds a fascinating new layer to the “diet vs. exercise” discussion…
* One of my favorite moments of the conference was during that first breakfast, sponsored by Attune. I had set out their breakfast cereals, including Original Uncle Sam and three different Gluten-Free Erewhon cereals. One of the attendees came up, saw the Corn Flakes and asked in disbelief, “Is that truly gluten-free?” I confirmed it was certified gluten-free, and she just lit up. As she explained that she had not eaten corn flakes in over five years, she started to tear up. It was a pretty powerful moment, and I happily gave her a box to take home.
** For simplicity and clarity, I’m using the words “exercise” and “activity” pretty much interchangeably. There is a lot of research into how much and what types of activity is best for all of this stuff… but that starts to get a bit too nitpicky. The most important thing is that you find something that works for you, and stick to it.